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Current launch of the waste water from Japan’s Fukushima nuclear catastrophe stirred apprehension concerning the well being implications of radiation publicity. Categorized as a Group 1 carcinogen, ionizing radiation has lengthy been related to numerous cancers and genetic problems, as evidenced by survivors and descendants of atomic bombings and the Chernobyl catastrophe. Regardless of a lot smaller quantity, we stay constantly uncovered to low ranges of radiation in on a regular basis life and medical procedures.

Radiation, whether or not within the type of high-energy particles or electromagnetic waves, is conventionally identified to interrupt our mobile DNA, resulting in most cancers and genetic problems. But, our understanding of the quantitative and qualitative mutational impacts of ionizing radiation has been incomplete.

On the 14th, Professor Younger Seok Ju and his analysis workforce from KAIST, in collaboration with Dr. Tae Gen Son from the Dongnam Institute of Radiological and Medical Science, and Professors Kyung Su Kim and Ji Hyun Chang from Seoul Nationwide College, unveiled a breakthrough. Their examine, led by joint first authors Drs. Jeonghwan Youk, Hyun Woo Kwon, Eunji Kim and Tae-Woo Kim, titled “Quantitative and qualitative mutational influence of ionizing radiation on regular cells,” was revealed in Cell Genomics.

Using meticulous methods, the analysis workforce comprehensively analyzed the whole-genome sequences of cells pre- and post-radiation publicity, pinpointing radiation-induced DNA mutations. Experiments involving cells from completely different organs of people and mice uncovered to various radiation doses revealed mutation patterns correlating with publicity ranges. 

Notably, publicity to 1 Grey (Gy) of radiation resulted in on common 14 mutations in each post-exposure cell. Not like different carcinogens, radiation-induced mutations primarily comprised quick base deletions and a set of structural variations together with inversions, translocations, and numerous advanced genomic rearrangements. (Determine 3) Curiously, experiments subjecting cells to low radiation dose fee over 100 days demonstrated that mutation portions, underneath equal complete radiation doses, mirrored these of high-dose publicity. 

By way of this examine, we’ve got clearly elucidated the results of radiation on cells on the molecular degree. Now we perceive higher how radiation adjustments the DNA of our cells,”

Professor Younger Seok Ju at KAIST

Dr. Son from the Dongnam Institute of Radiological and Medical Science said, “Based mostly on this examine, we’ll proceed to analysis the results of very low and really excessive doses of radiation on the human physique,” and additional remarked, “We’ll advance the event of secure and efficient radiation remedy methods.”

Professors Kim and Chang from Seoul Nationwide College School of Medication expressed their views, saying, “By way of this examine, we imagine we now have a instrument to precisely perceive the influence of radiation on human DNA,” and added, “We hope that many subsequent research will emerge utilizing the analysis methodologies employed on this examine.”

This analysis represents a major leap ahead in radiation research, made potential by way of collaborative efforts and interdisciplinary approaches. This pioneering analysis engaged students from various backgrounds, spanning from the Genetic Engineering Analysis Institute at Seoul Nationwide College, the Cambridge Stem Cell Institute within the UK, the Institute for Molecular Biotechnology in Austria (IMBA), and the Genome Perception Inc. (a KAIST spin-off start-up). This examine was supported by numerous establishments together with the Nationwide Analysis Basis of Korea, Dongnam Institute of Radiological and Medical Science (supported by Ministry of Science and ICT, the federal government of South Korea), the Suh Kyungbae Basis, the Human Frontier Science Program (HFSP), and the Korea College Anam Hospital Korea Basis for the Development of Science and Creativity, the Ministry of Science and ICT, and the Nationwide R&D Program. 


Journal reference:

Youk, J., et al. (2024) Quantitative and qualitative mutational influence of ionizing radiation on regular cells. Cell Genomics.

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Hector Antonio Guzman German

Graduado de Doctor en medicina en la universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo en el año 2004. Luego emigró a la República Federal de Alemania, dónde se ha formado en medicina interna, cardiologia, Emergenciologia, medicina de buceo y cuidados intensivos.

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